To Resolve Disputes Between Palestine and Israel, EU Insists on Two-State Solution

Politics - January 8, 2024

Although there is Still no Unanimity on the Decision, the EU Remains firm on its Theories

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is one of the most complex and enduring geopolitical issues of our time, with roots that go back to ancient history and are intertwined with cultural, religious and territorial issues. Over the years, various attempts have been made to resolve this dispute, and one of them is the two-state solution, supported by the European Union (EU).

The two-state solution involves the establishment of an Israeli state and a Palestinian state, both coexisting in peace and security. This proposal was supported by several international actors, including the EU, which sought to promote dialogue and cooperation between the two parties involved. Let’s look in more detail at the key points of this proposal and the reasons why the EU supports it. First, the two-state solution is seen as a way to address the territorial concerns of the two sides. Israel and Palestine both claim the right to specific territory, and division into two separate states could be a compromise way to satisfy both claims. Creating clear borders could help reduce territorial tensions and promote more peaceful coexistence.

Secondly, the two-state solution aims to resolve issues related to Palestinian refugees. The conflict has displaced thousands of people, and a long-term solution should address the right of return for Palestinians who have lost their homes. The creation of a Palestinian state could provide a homeland for Palestinian refugees, allowing them to settle in a place with international recognition. Furthermore, the two-state solution seeks to address political and religious differences between the two communities. The creation of two sovereign states can allow both sides to manage their internal affairs independently, thus reducing political tensions. Furthermore, guaranteeing religious freedom and access to holy places for all communities could help mitigate religious tensions.

The European Union supports the two-state solution for several reasons. First, the EU actively promotes peace and security in the region, believing that a two-state solution is the best way to achieve this goal. Furthermore, the EU recognizes that lasting peace in the Middle East is in the global interest, and that stability in the region can have positive impacts on a global scale. However, it is important to note that the two-state solution has been subject to significant criticism and challenges. Some argue that the territorial division may not be workable or fair, while others fear that the creation of a Palestinian state could threaten Israel’s security. Furthermore, the process of negotiating and implementing a two-state solution is complex and requires ongoing commitment from both parties involved.

In conclusion, the two-state solution sought by the European Union on the Israeli-Palestinian issue is an attempt to address the deep and complex roots of a conflict that has persisted for decades. While facing criticism and challenges, the proposal continues to be an important point of reference in the peace negotiations and reflects the hope of reaching a lasting solution leading to peaceful coexistence in the region. Continued commitment from the international community, including the EU, is essential to address this challenge and work towards sustainable peace in the Middle East.

However, it remains essential to find a solution that can serve as the basis for a truce in the conflict, which has escalated for months now and continues to claim civilian victims for both factions involved. Managing to make two states so different from each other coexist, both in culture and religion, remains an extremely difficult undertaking that only common political planning can make feasible.

Alessandro Fiorentino